Mari Korhonen 's Profile
Mari Korhonen
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Joined:
12/02/2011
Last Updated:
13/02/2011
Location:
Finland
Climate Zone:
Cold Temperate
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Female
Web site:
pohjoinenpermakulttuuri.wordpress.com





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Milk from the neighbor

Posted by Mari Korhonen over 7 years ago

We got 10 liters of fresh goat milk from next door and turned it into some yummy cheeses!

It's always a delight to find ways to bypass the industrial food system and discover real, fresh and clean food right where you live, from people you know. It's one of the keystones of local resiliency and food security, as well as an important economical link on a local level, regardless of having the medium of exchange be conventional monetary units, goose eggs or sourdough bread for example.

So, when you get from your neighbor the ten liter jug of milk so fresh that it's still warm, and it doesn't even fit into the fridge as it is - what to do? Well, I was fortunate to have an opportunity to help out a lady who knew how to make some very nice things from it!

Raw goat camembert, fresh cheese and milk for drinking - the process.

1) Filter the milk. During milking some particles and perhaps a hair or two end up into the milk. To get them out, use a regular sieve covered with a slightly moistened cheese cloth (to improve permeability) and pour the milk through into two big cooking pots, approximately half and half. From the first one you'll make the hard cheese, and the other one will become fresh cheese and milk for drinking.

 

2) If you live in an appropriate climatic zone, you can peel a branch of a fig tree to give a natural rennet effect for the (hard)cheese milk. For the hard cheese heat the milk on a stove into 35°C (95°F) and keep in that temperature for 45 min- 1 hour. For this you need a thermometer and some vigilance, to not have the temperature fluctuate too much during this time. The other milk in this case was pasteurised, heated into a temperature between 70 and 80°C (roughly 160-175°F) for ten minutes, and then quickly cooled. I don't know if this is necessary, but in the case of goat milk it prevents the emergence of a pretty strong "goat aroma" in the milk that would normally appear in a day or two and make it unpleasant to drink. And the milk keeps longer.

 

3) After 1 hour, add rennet into the milk for hard cheese and let it remain in the same temperature of 35°C (95°F) for another hour more or less. When the pasteurised milk has cooled down to 35°C as well, separate the drinking milk, and add some rennet to the remaining milk. Leave it to coagulate.

 

4) Once the hard cheese milk has coagulated into a kind of yoghurt consistency, break it into small crumbs for example using that nice branch of fig you have and let it separate from the whey for some time. Once that is done, it's time to collect the "dough" of cheese from the pot into a sieve so that the remaining whey can drain out. You can press the cheese mass with your fingers to get more whey out.

 

5) In layers, put some cheese and salt into a mold, pressing excess whey out as you go. I'm not sure how much milk there was exactly to begin with, but the amount of salt used was 30 grams. The mold used here was a traditional Andalucian belt-like design woven from a local fibrous grass.

 

6) When the fresh cheese has coagulated, it's broken up into crumbs as well and captured into a cheese cloth. Make the cloth into a bag and hang it to drain somewhere, with a bowl under it where the whey can drip. After this you can put it into a bowl and it's ready for eating! Most delicious with some finely chopped fresh cilantro, parsley and garlic!

 

7) Cover the hard cheese in the mold with a same size piece of wood and place a weight over it to press it into a firm form. After some time stored this way and perhaps some steps that i'm not aware of it will be ready for eating! The whey remaining from all this can be used for making sourdough bread or pancakes.

 

Buen provecho!

Comments (2)

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Deb Pepperdine
Deb Pepperdine : Nothing beats fresh raw (unpasterised) milk for making cheese. We supply raw organic milk and produce to the community of the sunshine Coast Queensland Australia. For details of food box pick up points etc contact www.beachhealthretreat.com or phone 0400 80 33 93
Posted over 7 years ago

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My Permaculture Qualifications
Pri verified
Permaculture Design Course
Type: Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC) course
Teacher: Geoff Lawton
Location: The Channon, Australia
Date: Mar 2009
Other course verified
Permaculture Internship 3 months
Type: Internship
Teacher: Geoff Lawton
Location: PRI Australia
Date: Apr 2009
Other course verified
Permaculture earthworks course
Type: Earthworks
Teacher: Geoff Lawton
Location: Mulloon Creek Natural Farms, Bungendore, NSW, Australia
Date: Jun 2009
Other course verified
Solar greenhouse design workshop
Type: Gardening
Teacher: Jerome Osentowski
Location: Central Rocky Mountain Permaculture Institute, Basalt, CO, USA
Date: May 2010
Other course verified
Permaculture, solar greenhouse design and forest garden workshop
Type: Gardening
Teacher: Jerome Osentowski
Location: Koroinen, Turku, Finland
Date: Oct 2010
Other course verified
Permaculture Trainer Course
Type: Teacher Training
Teacher: Rowe Morrow
Location: Austria
Date: Jul 2011
Other course verified
RegenAG and keyline design
Type: Other
Teacher: Darren J. Doherty
Location: Vale da Lama, Portugal
Date: Nov 2011
Other course verified
Holistic Management and Grazing Planning
Type: Other
Verifying teacher: Kirk Gadzia
Other Teachers: Tamara Gadzia
Location: La Donaira, Spain
Date: Apr 2012
Other course unverified
Mushroom Cultivation
Type: Other
Teacher: Will Borowski
Location: Sydney
Date: Sep 2012

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